Q. Why do I need in-text citations?


Strayer Writing Standards (SWS) requires the use of in-text citations. An in-text citation points the reader to the matching source in the source list. Using in-text citations is an important part of using sources ethically. You must use an in-text citation each time you paraphrase, summarize, or quote another source.

An SWS in-text citation has two parts. The first is the author's last name and the second is the number of the source in the source list.

Here are two examples of paraphrasing which include an in-text citation.

  • Paraphrasing is a difficult writing skill and takes practice to improve (Smith, 1).
  • Smith shares that paraphrasing is a difficult writing skill and takes practice to improve (1).

Here is one example of quoting which includes an in-text citation.

  • Smith shares that "students require multiple opportunities to refine paraphrasing skills" (1).

Try our SWS Citation Generators for more practice.


  • Last Updated Sep 11, 2020
  • Views 22
  • Answered By Amber Eakin

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